What is the difference between art and science?

Expert Answers

There are two paramount differences between art and science. The first is that art is subjective while science is objective. The second is that art expresses knowledge, most often in the form of subjective representation, while science is the system of acquiring knowledge. Art and science are therefore in fundamental character very dissimilar.

Science is concerned with general truths about the operation of general laws pertaining to the physical (and quantum) world and relies on methods of study and data accumulation based on observation and experimentation. The primary method is called the scientific method, which not only allows for methodical knowledge collection but also allows for confirmation of knowledge as other scientists replicate and corroborate observations, experiments, results, and conclusions.

Art, which transcends historical and cultural features and therefore has trans-historical and trans-cultural characteristics, is concerned with aesthetics and is said to have a relatively “stable aesthetic core” united with perceptual properties. This definition roughly covers varying traditionalist, conventionalist, contemporary, and functional definitions of art. Aesthetic is a heightened sensitivity to “beauty” and “good taste.”

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“Beauty is in the eye of the beholder”, art is about individual perceptions. When we look at a painting we all see something different. In this example, images provoke emotions, art elicits more of an emotional response, science does not. Science is more regimented with rules, procedures, and policies to follow. When you look at a cell under the microscope you see what you see and the next person will see the exact same thing, assuming they know what they are looking at.

You could also look at it this way. Major league baseball pitchers use the science of physics when they throw a curve ball, but actually throwing a good curve is an art form.



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In many ways they are actually connected and related to each other.

There are also many differences. I would say that the main difference between art and science is that art is more focused on the perception of the world through the eyes of a particular individual. It involves emotions as well. It can be based on personal experience, opinions, etc. Science, on the other hand, is very systematic. When people perform scientific investigations the purpose or goal is to find an answer to something in a very planned out and specific way using the scientific method.

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